Limiting global warming to 1.5°C, as stated in the Paris Agreement and assessed by the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C (2018), will require policy action across two types of mitigation: those resulting in the rapid reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and those achieving removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
However, current governmental commitments to address climate change lack specific plans for mobilizing carbon dioxide removal to achieve the required carbon neutrality – namely a balance between emissions and removals. In addition, the collaborative policy frameworks under the Paris Agreement do not yet have specific provisions on how to measure and fund such mitigation action.
To address this gap, The NET-RAPIDO project is launching the report Net-Zero Emissions: the role of Carbon Dioxide Removal in the Paris Agreement which looks at how countries can implement Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) and how those efforts can be counted as part of their national commitments to achieve the Paris Agreement targets.
The authors – Matthias Honegger, Axel Michaelowa and Matthias Poralla from Perspectives Climate Research, demonstrate that credible net-zero targets need to include explicit plans for Carbon Dioxide Removal, and share a way forward for both national efforts and international collaboration.
This includes a set of concrete recommendations for credibly including CDR strategies as part of national climate strategies and revised NDCs, such as:
- Setting specific CDR targets for 2030, 2040 and 2050;
- Expanding research on the consequences of CDR for climate targets,
- A structured and inclusive debate on its development,
- The design of specific incentives for the prioritised CDR technologies.
Read the report to learn more about the recommendations for national CDR strategies, leveraging instruments of international collaboration in the Paris Agreement, and overcoming barriers to enable the mobilisation of carbon dioxide removal.